Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). A significant number of patients with ESRD undergoing dialysis have reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Contemporary treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) includes multiple pharmacotherapeutic strategies such as renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors to reduce mortality and slow disease progression. However, because of concerns about hyperkalemia, aldosterone receptor antagonists are not commonly used in patients with HFrEF and ESRD undergoing dialysis. This blog summarizes the current evidence for efficacy and safety of aldosterone receptor antagonists in patients with concomitant HFrEF and ESRD requiring dialysis.
Part III of this three part series focuses on the role of warfarin in end stage renal disease (ESRD). Is it time to retire warfarin for anticoagulation in patients with ESRD and atrial fibrillation (AF)? Are there supporting data for warfarin in patients with ESRD? How does it compare to apixaban? Check out the blog for full details and answers to these questions.
Part II of this three part series focuses on apixaban in end stage renal disease. Is it safe? How does it compare to warfarin? What dose should you use? Check out the blog for full details and answers to these questions.
Selecting the best anticoagulation strategy for patients with end stage renal disease and atrial fibrillation remains controversial. In this three part series, we will explore potential strategies that seek to balance the risk of stroke with adverse effects in patients with end stage renal disease and atrial fibrillation. In Part 1 of this series, we will discuss the risks of anticoagulation and provide a compelling argument for avoiding anticoagulation. The role of direct oral anticoagulants and warfarin in this patient population will be reviewed in Parts 2 and 3, respectively.