One of the questions that remained unanswered after the PARADIGM-HF trial was whether the angiotensin receptor/neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril/valsartan could be safely initiated in patients with acute decompensated heart failure who had been previously stabilized on an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker. In this blog, Dr. Reed discusses the implications of the PIONEER-HF and TRANSITION studies, and provides a practical strategy for transitioning patients to sacubitril/valsartan.
Angioedema is a potentially life-threatening side effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) therapy. Once this side effect occurs, patients should not be reinitiated on an ACEi; an alternative agent is warranted. This blog will discuss the mechanism and risk factors for this adverse effect and will provide recommendations for selecting an alternative agent.
Unsure how to handle the valsartan recall? Check out our table of comparable doses to select an appropriate alternative!
Of the available agents for treating shock, dopamine remains unusually popular. Although the drug’s varying effects at different doses are thought to afford it several advantages compared to other vasoactive agents, in this post I’ll share three reasons why you should consider replacing dopamine in your practice.
In patients with heart failure, guideline-directed medical therapy is often mismanaged during acute decompensation, particularly with regard to beta-blocker therapy. In this entry, we discuss how to manage beta-blockers in patients with acute decompensated heart failure.
A thorough and accurate patient assessment is critical to managing patients with heart failure. In this second post of our two-part series, we’ll focus on volume status and adherence to medications and dietary recommendations. Check out our first post for general principles and an assessment of functional status. A template collection tool is also provided.
A thorough and accurate patient assessment is critical to managing patients with heart failure. In this two-part series, we’ll provide an overview of the key components of assessing patients with heart failure, starting first with general principles and an evaluation of functional status. Our second piece will focus on volume status and adherence to medications and dietary recommendations. A template collection tool is also provided.
Initiation and titration of guideline-directed medical therapy is paramount for patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), as it reduces the risk of death and other complications. Despite this, many patients do not receive the appropriate therapies or doses due to concerns and/or misconceptions about the use of these therapies. One reason often cited for not using or titrating inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system is that blood pressure is already “at goal” or is “too low”. In this blog, the data surrounding titration of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers and the angiotensin II receptor blocker/neprilysin inhibitor in patients with HFrEF will be addressed.
Beta blockers remain a cornerstone in the management of several cardiovascular disorders yet many clinicians are reluctant to use them in the setting of cocaine abuse. In this entry, we take a look at the evidence.
Evidence from randomized controlled trials has demonstrated that the cornerstone pharmacologic therapies used in the management of chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) do not confer the same benefits in patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). So why do we enroll both subgroups in trials of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF)? In this entry, we’ll explore differences in pathophysiology between HFrEF and HFpEF and how they may result in variable responses to pharmacologic therapies commonly used in ADHF, particularly diuretics and vasodilators.