Teaser: Does the formulation of oral nitrate therapy matter when used for patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF)? Should fixed-dose hydralazine (HYD)/isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) (BiDil®) be used in those with HFrEF or can the medications be prescribed separately? In clinical practice the individual components HYD and ISDN are often prescribed as a result of cost concerns with the brand name, fixed-dose combination product. Additionally, clinicians often substitute extended-release isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN) for ISDN given its less frequent administration schedule. In this post we will discuss whether these formulations can be used interchangeably in those with HFrEF.
Although beta blockers are considered a fundamental therapy for patients with heart failure (HF), questions remain on how to manage them these medications in patients presenting with decompensation requiring intravenous inotropic therapy. In this post, we will provide some insights on managing the chronic beta blockade and intravenous inotropic therapy when used concomitantly in a decompensated HF patient.
Although admitted patients with heart failure often have acute medical issues (e.g. acute kidney injury, acute decompensation) that may preclude them from certain therapies, many are appropriate candidates for guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) before they leave the hospital. This blog discusses the importance of initiating GDMT prior to discharge, whenever possible.
Despite being the mainstay of therapy, questions remain as to how to properly use loop diuretics in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). In this post, we’ll cover four of the most common mistakes with using loop diuretics in this population.
Unsure how to handle the angiotensin II receptor blocker recalls? Check out our table of comparable doses to select an appropriate alternative!
One of the questions that remained unanswered after the PARADIGM-HF trial was whether the angiotensin receptor/neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril/valsartan could be safely initiated in patients with acute decompensated heart failure who had been previously stabilized on an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker. In this blog, Dr. Reed discusses the implications of the PIONEER-HF and TRANSITION studies, and provides a practical strategy for transitioning patients to sacubitril/valsartan.
Angioedema is a potentially life-threatening side effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) therapy. Once this side effect occurs, patients should not be reinitiated on an ACEi; an alternative agent is warranted. This blog will discuss the mechanism and risk factors for this adverse effect and will provide recommendations for selecting an alternative agent.
Of the available agents for treating shock, dopamine remains unusually popular. Although the drug’s varying effects at different doses are thought to afford it several advantages compared to other vasoactive agents, in this post I’ll share three reasons why you should consider replacing dopamine in your practice.
In patients with heart failure, guideline-directed medical therapy is often mismanaged during acute decompensation, particularly with regard to beta-blocker therapy. In this entry, we discuss how to manage beta-blockers in patients with acute decompensated heart failure.
A thorough and accurate patient assessment is critical to managing patients with heart failure. In this second post of our two-part series, we’ll focus on volume status and adherence to medications and dietary recommendations. Check out our first post for general principles and an assessment of functional status. A template collection tool is also provided.