One of the questions that remained unanswered after the PARADIGM-HF trial was whether the angiotensin receptor/neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril/valsartan could be safely initiated in patients with acute decompensated heart failure who had been previously stabilized on an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker. In this blog, Dr. Reed discusses the implications of the PIONEER-HF and TRANSITION studies, and provides a practical strategy for transitioning patients to sacubitril/valsartan.
Angioedema is a potentially life-threatening side effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) therapy. Once this side effect occurs, patients should not be reinitiated on an ACEi; an alternative agent is warranted. This blog will discuss the mechanism and risk factors for this adverse effect and will provide recommendations for selecting an alternative agent.
Initiation and titration of guideline-directed medical therapy is paramount for patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), as it reduces the risk of death and other complications. Despite this, many patients do not receive the appropriate therapies or doses due to concerns and/or misconceptions about the use of these therapies. One reason often cited for not using or titrating inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system is that blood pressure is already “at goal” or is “too low”. In this blog, the data surrounding titration of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers and the angiotensin II receptor blocker/neprilysin inhibitor in patients with HFrEF will be addressed.
Agents such as patiromer and sodium zirconium cyclosilicate can reduce serum potassium concentrations. But do they have a role in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF)? In this piece, we explore whether these agents could reduce the risk of hyperkalemia when initiating, continuing, or dose-titrating guideline-directed medical therapies in HFrEF.