In the intensive care setting, propofol is a commonly used medication for management of sedation in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients. However, intensivists often select dexmedetomidine over propofol in patients with cardiovascular disease due to concern for cardiac adverse effects such as myocardial depression. In this blog, I’ll be discussing three important considerations before accepting propofol-induced myocardial depression as clinically significant.
Of the available agents for treating shock, dopamine remains unusually popular. Although the drug’s varying effects at different doses are thought to afford it several advantages compared to other vasoactive agents, in this post I’ll share three reasons why you should consider replacing dopamine in your practice.
In patients with heart failure, guideline-directed medical therapy is often mismanaged during acute decompensation, particularly with regard to beta-blocker therapy. In this entry, we discuss how to manage beta-blockers in patients with acute decompensated heart failure.
Evidence from randomized controlled trials has demonstrated that the cornerstone pharmacologic therapies used in the management of chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) do not confer the same benefits in patients with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). So why do we enroll both subgroups in trials of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF)? In this entry, we’ll explore differences in pathophysiology between HFrEF and HFpEF and how they may result in variable responses to pharmacologic therapies commonly used in ADHF, particularly diuretics and vasodilators.
In the Diuretic Optimization Strategies Evaluation (DOSE) trial, intravenous boluses of loop diuretics were shown to as efficacious and safe as continuous infusions in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. However, the heterogeneity of the population enrolled in DOSE makes it difficult to identify patient populations who might actually benefit from one strategy over another. In Part 1 of this two-part series, we’ll explore several potential populations in whom continuous infusions may be beneficial over intermittent boluses.
Have you or your learners struggled to understand preload, afterload, and cardiac contractility? If so, check out our new YouTube videos!